On 2020-09-19 5:29 a.m., Gernot wrote:
On 19 Sep 2020, at 15:53, Andrew Waterman <andrew@...>
The N extension is effectively deprecated. We don’t see
sufficient demand for user-level interrupts in
managed/Unix-like environments to pursue that approach at
That’s a real concern, and I seem to have missed any
discussion about this. I suspect that this also reflects a
confusion resulting from the use of “Unix-like environments”,
which seems to get applied to any protected-mode OS.
User-level drivers are a core properties of
(well-designed) microkernels, and microkernels are pretty much
the only choice for safety- and security-critical systems, and
the only kind of OS that is feasible to prove correct (see
And if you run drivers in user mode, then being able
to route interrupts directly to the user-level handlers without
invoking the kernel would seem to pretty much eliminate the
performance disadvantage microkernels have compared to Linux.
I don't know if these developments will address your concerns,
but I see the synergy of these two task groups, Fast-interrupts
and Code Size Reduction, as potentially reducing the overhead for
M-mode to initiate and manage drivers running in U-mode.
I invite you to join these groups to contribute in directing
their ability to support this important segment of the ecosystem.
In fact, my immediate reaction seeing this
extension was “yeah!”.
As I have aligned aspirations,I'm hoping that your response will,
along with mine, be "yeah!" :
that running micro-kernel (and other like) components in
U-mode will be a first class supported reality obtained through